CFP: Comics, Picturebooks and Childhood [journal issue] (March 31)
Dr. Mel Gibson (University of Northumbria)
Dr. Kay Sambell (University of Northumbria)
Dr. Golnar Nabizadeh (The University of Western Australia)
This special edition will explore links between these two media in relation to childhood. Both have been studied in relation to how they work (key examples being Maria Nikoljeva and Carole Scott (2001) How Picturebooks Work and Thierry Groensteen (2007) The System of Comics). The history, specific creators, culture and audiences for these media have also been areas of research. Focusing on the links across illustration, graphic narratives and visual culture, this special issue offers critical interventions on the field of comics and picturebooks.
They are not typically considered together, although some research has done so, for example Mel Gibson (2010) 'Graphic Novels, Comics and Picturebooks' in David Rudd (ed) Routledge Companion to Children's Literature (pp.100-111) and David Lewis (1998) ‘Oops!: Colin McNaughton and “Knowingness”’ in Children’s Literature in Education, 29 (2), pp. 59-68.
In relation to audience (a focus in Lewis, above), comics and picturebooks have frequently been associated with younger readers, despite the two being very flexible media which can be used to address readers of all ages on any topic. When such assumptions are dominant, this is usually related to perceptions of what might be ‘appropriate’ content.
Sometimes controversy is about an entire medium as outlined by John A. Lent (1999), in ‘Comics Controversies and Codes: Reverberations in Asia’ This chapter in Pulp Demons: International Dimensions of the Postwar Anti-Comics Campaign flagged up ways in manga were seen as having an impact upon the health and morals of young people in South Korea, Japan, the Philippines and Taiwan between the 1940s and the 1980s (pp179-214).
Equally, controversy might focus on a single text, as was the case in relation to the British publication of Jenny lives with Eric and Martin by Suzanne Bösche (originally published in Denmark as Mette bor hos Morten og Erik), one of the first picturebooks focusing on homosexuality and family structure. This single text was a key element in Britain in the introduction of the Section 28 of the Local Government Act 1988 which forbade the ‘promotion’ of homosexuality by local government.
In both these cases, what may be seen to underpin controversy relating to these media are social constructions of childhood, a concept developed within Childhood Studies and perhaps best illustrated by Allison James and Alan Prout (eds.) (1990) Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood.
This issue also constitutes an attempt to extend the scope of scholarship on the comic and the picturebook beyond US/UK and European critical frameworks by highlighting Asian and Australian visual cultures and contexts.
Proposals are sought on, but not limited to the following;
- Creators who work with both these media, such as Raymond Briggs and Shaun Tan.
- Picturebook creators who are influenced by comics. For example, the ways in which the work of Maurice Sendak is influenced by that of Winsor McCay
- Comics for children and constructions of childhood
- Controversies around comics, picturebooks, childhood and child readers
- Defining the borders and emerging areas in comic book scholarship
- Manga, comics and picturebooks
- Comic book conventions and avant-garde innovations
- Divergences and intersections between comic books and picturebooks
- When and how does a comic book creator become perceived as a picture book creator?
- In what ways do constructions of childhood as innocent and vulnerable impact upon what is considered suitable content in a comic or a picture book?